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08-24-2011
Title:
Chulin 60 - ONE WHO DID NOT FATHOM HASH-M'S GREATNESS

Message:
1) ONE WHO DID NOT FATHOM HASH-M'S GREATNESS

(a) Kaiser: I want to see your G-d.
(b) R. Yehoshua ben Chananyah: You cannot.
(c) The Kaiser insisted. On a summer day, R. Yehoshua asked him to look at the sun.
1. Kaiser: I cannot.
2. R. Yehoshua: The sun is a creation of Hash-m, you cannot look at it - all the more so, you cannot see Hash-m Himself!
(d) Kaiser: I want to prepare a meal for Hash-m.
(e) R. Yehoshua: You cannot, his legions are too numerous.
(f) The Kaiser insisted. R. Yehoshua told him to prepare it on the bank of a certain river.
1. The Kaiser prepared for six months in summer; a wind came, blowing all he had prepared into the river.
2. The Kaiser prepared for six months in winter; rain came, washing all he had prepared into the river.
3. Kaiser: What is happening?
4. R. Yehoshua: This is the result of those that clean the floor in front of Hash-m.
5. Kaiser: I cannot prepare a meal for Hash-m.
(g) Kaiser's daughter: Your G-d is a carpenter - "He makes a ceiling with water in His upper chambers" - have him make for me a weaving rod.
1. R. Yehoshua prayed; she became leprous. It was customary in Rome to seat a leper in the market and to give him a weaving rod, so people will know to pray for him.
2. R. Yehoshua: Hash-m gave you a nice rod!
3. Kaiser's daughter: Ask him to take it back.
4. R. Yehoshua: Hash-m gives, He does not take.
2) HASHEM'S CREATIONS
(a) (Rav Yehudah): All the following should be large in an ox - the belly, hooves, head and tail;
1. All of these should be small in a donkey.
2. This is relevant to commerce (if one sells an ox or donkey, it should meet these specifications.)
(b) (Rav Yehudah): The ox that Adam offered had one horn on its forehead - "Will be more pleasing to Hash-m than a bull Makrin (with horns) and hooves."
(c) Question: "Makrin" is plural, implying two horns!
(d) Answer: Although it is read "Makrin", it is written without a Yud, connoting the singular.
(e) (Rav Yehudah): Adam offered an ox whose horns preceded (came up from the ground before) its hooves - the above verse mentions the horns before the hooves.
(f) (This implies that it was created mature, with horns -) this supports R. Yehoshua ben Levi (regarding full stature):
1. (R. Yehoshua ben Levi): Everything created in the six days of creation was created in is full stature, with its consent, and in its beauty - "Heaven and earth were finished, and all Tzeva'am (their legions)" - this may be read 'Tzivyonam' (the form they chose.)
(g) (R. Chanina bar Papa): When Hash-m created the trees, he commanded that each species sprout by itself. The grass reasoned - even though it is the nature of trees to grow far apart, Hash-m insisted that they keep separate - it is the nature of grass to grow mixed together, all the more so each species should keep separate!
1. Each species sprouted by itself; the world minister (the angel Metatron) exclaimed "Hash-m's honor will be forever, Hash-m will exult in his works".
(h) Question (Ravina): According to R. Chanina bar Papa, may one graft different species of grass onto each other?
60b---------------------------------------60b

1. Since the Torah did not say that each must grow by itself, this should be permitted;
2. Or - since Hash-m agreed to the grass' Kal va'Chomer, it is as if the Torah wrote that each must be separate!
i. This question is unresolved.
(i) Contradiction (R. Shimon ben Pazi): It says, "Hash-m made the two great luminaries"; later, it says "The great luminary...and the small luninary"!
(j) Answer (R. Shimon ben Pazi): Initially, Hash-m made them both great. The moon objected - two kings cannot share one crown!
1. Hash-m: Go diminish yourself.
2. The moon: Is this fitting for my proper suggestion?!
3. Hash-m: You will rule (illuminate) day and night.
4. The moon: A small light is useless by day!
5. Hash-m: Yisrael will count days and years by you.
6. The moon: They need the sun to calculate the seasons, this determines (leap) years!
7. Hash-m: Great Tzadikim will be called small, like yourself - Yakov, David, and Shmuel.
8. The moon was still not consoled. Hash-m decreed to bring an 'atonement' for Himself (i.e. to appease the moon) for having diminished the moon.
i. (Reish Lakish): This is why it says in the Musaf of Rosh Chodesh "Chatas la'Sh-m".
(k) Contradiction (Rav Asi): It says "The ground brought grass" on the third day; it says "No tree...(or grass) had yet sprouted" on Erev Shabbos!
(l) Answer (Rav Asi): This teaches that the grass was just below the ground, until Adam prayed for it - then, rain fell and it sprouted.
1. This teaches that Hash-m desires the prayers of Tzadikim.
2. Rav Nachman bar Papa had a garden. He planted seeds; nothing grew. He prayed, rain came and it sprouted - Hash-m desires the prayers of Tzadikim.
3) SURPRISING THINGS WE LEARN FROM THE TORAH
(a) (Rav Chanan bar Aba): The Shesu'ah is a unique creation; it has two backs and two spines. (Some say that it is a species, others say that it is an aberation, like a Siamese twin.)
1. Question: Was Moshe a hunter, that he would know about such exotic creatures?!
2. Answer: Rather, this proves that he received the Torah from Hash-m.
(b) Question: "The five Plishtim rulers - of Aza, of Ashdod, of Ashkelon, of Gas, of Akron, and of Avim" - six are listed!
(c) Answer #1 (R. Yochanan): Five of them were imporant.
(d) Answer #2 (Rav): The Avim were not Plishtim, they came from Teiman.
(e) Support (Beraisa): The Avim came from Teiman;
1. They are called Avim because they ruined (Ivsu) their place; or, because they desired (Ivu) many gods; or, because anyone that saw them was seized with Avis (trembling.)
2. (Rav Yosef): They have 16 rows of teeth.
(f) (Reish Lakish): Many verses seem to be pointless, but teach important lessons.
(g) "The Avim dwell in Chatzerim, until Aza (...Kaftorim took their land)" - this teaches why Yisrael was permitted to take their land.
1. Avraham had sworn to Avimelech (king of the Plishtim) not to harm him or his children or grandchildren; Hash-m caused the Kaftorim to take the land from the Avim, permitting Yisrael to take it from the Kaftorim. (This is like R. Yochanan, who says that Avim were Plishtim; also according to Rav, Yisrael were forbidden to take the Avim's land, for they descend from Esav.)
(h) Similarly - "Sichon Melech ha'Emori...fought b'Melech Mo'av" - this teaches why we could take that land.
1. Yisrael was forbidden to fight Mo'av; Hash-m caused Sichon to take the land from Mo'av, so Yisrael could take it from Sichon.
2. (Rav Papa): Yisrael was permitted to take the lands of Amon and Mo'av because they were conquered by Sichon.
(i) (Beraisa): "Tzidonim call Chermon 'Siryon' (the Emori call it 'Senir'" - Senir and Siryon are mountains of Eretz Yisrael.
1. This teaches that every nation built a great city and gave it the name of a mountain of Eretz Yisrael;
2. This teaches that even the mountains of Eretz Yisrael are dear to the nations.
(j) "(Yosef) transferred the Mitzrim to the cities" - he exiled them, so they would not look down on his brothers because they were exiled from their land.

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