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03-02-2011
Title:
Zevachim 63 - WHERE

Message:
1) WHERE "KEMITZAH" MAY BE DONE

(a) (Mishnah): Kemitzah of Menachos is Kosher anywhere in the Azarah;
(b) (The rest of) the Minchah is eaten within the hangings (of the Chatzer of the Mishkan, or (in the Beis ha'Mikdash) in the Azarah), by male Kohanim for one day and a night until midnight.
(c) (Gemara - R. Elazar): If Kemitzah was done in the Heichal, it is Kosher, for we remove the Levonah from the Lechem ha'Panim in the Heichal, and this corresponds to Kemitzah.
(d) Question (R. Yirmeyah - Beraisa): "V'Komatz mi'Sham" - anywhere a Yisrael (who brought the Minchah) may stand is Kosher for Kemitzah.
1. Ben Beseira expounds "Mi'Sham" - if he took the Kometz with his left hand, he should return it to the vessel and do Kemitzah with his right hand, i.e. from the place he already took from.
(e) Answer (R. Yirmeyah; some say, R. Yakov): The first Tana merely learns that the entire Azarah is Kosher;
1. One might have thought, since Minchah is Kodshei Kodoshim like Olah, Kemitzah must be in the north, just like slaughter and Kabalah of an Olah must be in the north.
2. Question: We cannot learn from Olah, for it is totally consumed!
3. Answer: We would have thought to learn from Chatas.
4. Question: We cannot learn from Chatas, for it atones for Chayavei Kerisus!
5. Answer: We would have thought to learn from Asham. 6. Question: We cannot learn from Asham, for it is a Korban with blood (i.e. animate)!
7. Answer: We would have thought to learn from the Tzad ha'Shavah of Olah, Chatas and Asham.
8. Question: We cannot learn from them, for all of them have blood!
9. Correction: Rather, since it says "Vehegishah El ha'Mizbe'ach", and it says "Veherim Mimenu b'Kumtzo" one might have thought, just like Hagashah is to the southwest corner, also Kemitzah. (According to our text, the latter verse is in a different Parshah from the former, it is not clear how we learn from one from the other, and why this verse was cited (earlier verses refer to Kemitzah, e.g. Vayikra 2:2).. Perhaps the latter verse should read "Veherim ha'Kohen Min ha'Minchah Es Azkarasah" (Vayikra 2:9), which refers to Kemitzah, and comes right after "Vehegishah...");
i. Therefore, "Mi'Sham" teaches that Kemitzah may be anywhere in the Azarah.
(f) (R. Yochanan): If Shelamim was slaughtered in the Heichal, it is Kosher;
1. It says "U'Shchato Pesach Ohel Mo'ed" - the Tefel (the Azarah, which is valid for slaughter only because it faces the Heichal) should not be greater (more Kosher for slaughter) than what is primary (the Heichal)!
(g) Question (Beraisa - R. Yehudah ben Beseira) Question: If Nochrim surrounded (and were shooting projectiles into) the Azarah, what is the source to permit Kohanim to enter the Heichal to eat (safely) Kodshei Kodoshim?
1. Answer: "B'Kodesh ha'Kodoshim Tochalenu"
2. Summation of question: Why is this verse needed? It says "Ba'Chatzer Ohel Mo'ed Yochluha" - the Tefel (the Azarah) should not be greater than what is primary (the Heichal)!
(h) Answer: A slave serves in front of his master - therefore, it is even more proper to slaughter in a more Kadosh place;
1. A slave does not eat in front of his master - therefore, it is less proper to eat in a more Kadosh place.
2) "AVODOS" PERFORMED AT THE SOUTHWEST CORNER
(a) (Mishnah): Chatas ha'Of was offered at the southwest corner of the Mizbe'ach;
1. It is Kosher anywhere (on the Mizbe'ach), but this is its place (this will be explained).
(b) Three things are done at this corner on top of the Mizbe'ach, and three at the bottom:
1. Below - Chatas ha'Of, Hagashah of Menachos, and pouring Shirayim of blood on the Yesod;
2. Above - pouring Nesachim of wine, water (on Sukos) and offering Olas ha'Of when the southeast corner (its proper place) was too crowded.
(c) Anyone who ascends (and must walk around the Mizbe'ach) ascends on the right side, goes around, and descends on the left side;
63b---------------------------------------63b

1. The only exceptions are for these three things (done above at this corner) - the Kohen (goes straight to his left) and descends the way he came.
(d) (Gemara) Question: What is the source of this (that Chatas ha'Of is offered in the southwest)?
(e) Answer (R. Yehoshua): "Lo Yasim Aleha Shemen v'Lo Yiten Aleha Levonah Ki Chatas Hi" - the Torah calls the Minchah (of a sinner) a Chatas, and vice-versa;
1. Version #1 (Our text, Riva (brought in Shitah Mekubetzes [27]): Just as (Kabalas ha'Dam of) a Chatas (Behemah) must be in the north, also Kidush Kemitzah (putting it into another Kli) of a Minchah;
2. Version #2 (Rashi): Just as Chatas Lo Lishmah is Pasul, also a Minchah;
3. Version #3 (R. Chayim in Tosfos): Just as Chatas ha'Of must be offered at a corner above the Yesod, also Hagashah of a Minchah;
4. Version #4 (R. Tam): Just as the right hand must be used for Chatas, also for a Minchah. (End of Version #4)
5. Also - just as Hagashah of a Minchah must be at the southwest corner, also Haza'ah of Chatas ha'Of.
6. Question: What is the source that Hagashah must be in the southwest?
7. Answer (Beraisa) Suggestion: "Lifnei Hash-m" (i.e. facing the Heichal) - perhaps this is in the west!
i. Rejection: "El Penei ha'Mizbe'ach" (the south).
ii. Suggestion: "El Penei ha'Mizbe'ach" - perhaps this is in the south!
iii. Rejection: "Lifnei Hash-m".
iv. To fulfill both verses, it suffices to do Hagashah at the edge of the southwest corner.
8. Suggestion (R. Eliezer): Perhaps Hagashah may be done at the western or southern side of the southwest corner!
9. Rejection: If there are two verses and it is possible to fulfill both of them, we do so, rather than fulfilling one in a way that precludes fulfilling the other;
i. If Hagashah would be done on the west side, we would not fulfill "El Penei ha'Mizbe'ach (the south);
ii. Rather, it is done on the south side, we also fulfill "Lifnei Hash-m".
10. Question: How does this fulfill "Lifnei Hash-m"?
11. Answer (Rav Ashi): R. Eliezer holds that the Mizbe'ach is entirely in the north (so the entire south side faces the Heichal.)
(f) (Mishnah): It is Kosher anywhere, but this is its place.
(g) Question: What does this mean?
(h) Answer (Rav Ashi): Melikah is Kosher anywhere (on the Mizbe'ach), but Haza'ah is in the southwest corner.
(i) The following Beraisa may be derived from our Mishnah.
1. (Beraisa): Melikah is Kosher anywhere on the Mizbe'ach; if Haza'ah was done in any place, it is Kosher;
i. (If Haza'ah was done but not Mitzuy (pressing the bird against the Mizbe'ach to squeeze out remaining blood), it is Kosher - Shitah Mekubetzes deletes this from the text -) this is provided that it was below the Chut ha'Sikra, and it was Dam ha'Nefesh.
2. Question: What does this mean?
3. Answer: Melikah is Kosher anywhere on the Mizbe'ach; Mitzuy is Kosher anywhere on the Mizbe'ach, for if Haza'ah was done but not Mitzuy, it is Kosher;
i. Haza'ah must be below the Chut ha'Sikra, it must be Dam ha'Nefesh.

   
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